Review of Account Preparation and Financial Statement

In India, as in many other countries, the review of account preparation and financial statement preparation is a critical aspect of accounting and financial reporting.

Here are the key details on the review process:

Account Preparation:

Account preparation involves compiling financial information, including transactions, balances, and other relevant data, to prepare the various accounts needed for financial reporting. These accounts typically include balance sheet accounts (assets, liabilities, equity) and income statement accounts (revenue, expenses).

Financial Statement Preparation:

Financial statement preparation involves organizing the information gathered during account preparation into formal financial statements. The primary financial statements include the balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement, and statement of changes in equity. These statements provide a comprehensive view of the financial position and performance of the organization.

Review Process:

The review of account preparation and financial statement preparation typically involves several steps:

a. Internal Review: Internal accountants or finance professionals within the organization conduct an initial review of the accounts and financial statements. This review ensures that the information is accurate, complete, and in compliance with accounting standards and regulatory requirements.

b. External Review: In many cases, external auditors or accounting firms are engaged to conduct an independent review of the accounts and financial statements. External reviews provide an objective assessment of the financial information and offer assurance to stakeholders, such as investors, creditors, and regulators, regarding the accuracy and reliability of the financial statements.

Compliance and Regulatory Requirements:

Account preparation and financial statement preparation in India must comply with relevant accounting standards, such as the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) or the Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). Additionally, companies must adhere to regulatory requirements prescribed by authorities such as the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

Accuracy and Completeness:

The review process focuses on ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the financial information presented in the accounts and financial statements. This involves verifying the mathematical accuracy of balances, reconciling accounts, and confirming the validity of transactions.

Disclosure and Transparency:

Another aspect of the review process is to ensure that the financial statements provide adequate disclosure of significant accounting policies, estimates, and other relevant information. Transparency in financial reporting is essential for stakeholders to make informed decisions.

Management Assertions:

The review process evaluates management assertions related to the financial statements, including assertions about the completeness, accuracy, valuation, and presentation of financial information. Auditors assess the risk of material misstatement and design procedures to address these risks.


Upon completion of the review process, a report may be issued summarizing the findings of the review. The report may include observations, recommendations, and any identified deficiencies or areas for improvement in the accounting and financial reporting processes.

Overall, the review of account preparation and financial statement preparation plays a crucial role in ensuring the integrity and reliability of financial information reported by organizations in India. Compliance with accounting standards and regulatory requirements, as well as the independent scrutiny provided by external auditors, enhances the credibility and trustworthiness of financial reporting in the Indian business environment.

Documents required for Review of Account Preparation and Financial Statement

Balance Sheet.

Income Statement (Profit and Loss Statement).

Notes of Financial Statement.

Cash Flow Statement.

Trial Balance.


Account Preparation.

Review Process.


Consistency Assistance.

Compliance Evaluation.