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Trust Registration(NGO)

Types of NGO

1. Trust

• Formation: Governed by the Indian Trusts Act, 1882.

• Characteristics: Managed by trustees, who hold the property for the benefit of the beneficiaries. Trusts are suitable for activities such as education, healthcare, and relief work.

2. Society

• Formation: Governed by the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

• Characteristics: Managed by a governing body or executive committee. Societies are appropriate for charitable, religious, cultural, and educational activities.

3. Section 8 Company (Non-Profit Company)

• Formation: Governed by the Companies Act, 2013, with a license under Section 8.

• Characteristics: Formed for promoting art, commerce, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of the environment, or other similar objectives. Profits, if any, are used for promoting the company's objectives.

4. Cooperative Societies:

• Formation: Governed by the respective state's Cooperative Societies Act.

• Characteristics: Cooperative societies are formed to provide economic benefits to their members in areas such as agriculture, credit, housing, and consumer goods.

5. Non-Profit Trust

• Formation: Similar to a trust but specifically formed for non-profit purposes.

• Characteristics: Operates with the aim of providing social, educational, religious, or charitable benefits. Trusts are suitable for activities such as running schools, hospitals, and community development programs.

6. Self Help Groups (SHGs)

• Formation: Typically informal groups of individuals with a common objective.

• Characteristics: Operate at the grassroots level, often focusing on microfinance, women's empowerment, and community development.

7. Community-Based Organizations (CBOs)

• Formation: Local groups formed by community members.

• Characteristics: Work at the community level, addressing specific local issues such as health, education, and environmental concerns.

8. Professional Membership Associations

• Formation: Formed by professionals in a specific field.

• Characteristics: Aim to promote and protect the interests of professionals, often by providing training, resources, and advocacy.

9. Foundations

• Formation: Entities that typically have an endowment and operate to support specific causes.

• Characteristics: Foundations may fund and support various projects and initiatives in areas such as education, health, and social welfare.

10. Voluntary Organizations:

• Formation: Broad category encompassing various entities formed voluntarily for social or charitable purposes.

• Characteristics: May include a diverse range of organizations, from small local groups to large national NGOs, working on issues ranging from poverty alleviation to environmental conservation.

It's important to note that the choice of the type of NGO depends on the specific goals and activities of the organization. Each type of NGO has its own legal framework, compliance requirements, and advantages, and organizations should carefully consider these factors before deciding on the most suitable form of registration. Seeking legal advice is recommended to ensure proper compliance with applicable laws and regulations.


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