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Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Compliance

ESIC (Employee's State Insurance Corporation) compliance refers to the regulatory requirements imposed by the Employee's State Insurance Act, 1948, and its associated regulations. ESIC is a self-financing social security and health insurance scheme for Indian workers, managed by the Employee's State Insurance Corporation, which provides medical and cash benefits to employees and their dependents in case of sickness, maternity, disablement, or death due to employment injury.

Here are the key details on ESIC compliance:


ESIC is applicable to factories and other establishments falling within the purview of the Act. Generally, establishments with 10 or more employees are required to comply with ESIC regulations. However, state-specific regulations may vary, and the threshold for coverage may differ accordingly.


Employers covered under the ESIC Act must register themselves and their employees with the ESIC authorities. This includes obtaining an employer code number and registering eligible employees for ESIC benefits.


Both the employer and the employee are required to make contributions towards the ESIC scheme. The employer's contribution is a percentage of the employee's wages, while the employee's contribution is a fixed percentage of their wages. These contributions are deposited with the ESIC authorities within the specified timelines.

Wage Threshold:

ESIC contributions are based on the wages of the employees. There is a wage threshold beyond which employees are required to contribute to the scheme. Wages include basic pay, dearness allowance, and certain other allowances.

Filing of Returns:

Employers covered under ESIC must file monthly contribution returns, detailing the wages of covered employees and the corresponding contributions made by both the employer and the employee. Returns must be filed electronically within the prescribed time frame.

Benefits Administration:

Employers are responsible for facilitating access to ESIC benefits for their employees. This includes providing necessary information, assisting with claims processing, and ensuring compliance with ESIC procedures.

Medical Facilities:

Employers covered under ESIC must provide medical facilities to their employees and their dependents through ESIC dispensaries, hospitals, or tie-up arrangements with ESIC-empaneled medical facilities.

Compliance Audits:

ESIC authorities may conduct audits and inspections of covered establishments to ensure compliance with ESIC regulations. Employers are required to cooperate with such audits and provide the necessary documentation and information.

Penalties for Non-Compliance:

Non-compliance with ESIC regulations can result in penalties, fines, or legal consequences. Employers failing to register under ESIC or failing to deposit contributions may face penalties and other enforcement actions.

Consultation with Experts:

Given the complexities of ESIC regulations, it's advisable for employers to seek guidance from HR professionals, legal experts, or consultants specializing in ESIC compliance to ensure proper adherence to the law.

Overall, ESIC compliance is crucial for employers to fulfill their legal obligations towards providing social security and health insurance benefits to their employees. Understanding and adhering to ESIC regulations helps ensure the well-being of employees and protects employers from potential liabilities and penalties.

Documents required for obtaining ESIC Compliance

Registration Form.

Bussiness Registration Proof and Address Proof.

KYC Documents for Employees.

Copy of PAN Card.

Bank Account Details and Employee Details.



Medical Facilities.

Filing of Returns.

Documentation Assistance.

Compliance Audits.